Evergreens bring a glorious element of constancy to homeowner lawns and landscaping. While other types of plants and trees bud, bloom, and eventually drop their leaves, evergreens provide a backdrop of continuous greenery and texture.
Evergreens furnish privacy and may provide an effective windbreak and sound barrier. They can also be a source of food and protection for various types of wildlife.
However, evergreens do require care and attention during planting and early growth to maintain the desired shape and health.
Site Plan, Placement, and Selection
Landscape designers usually allow ample space for each tree and shrub to reach maturity without overcrowding. Too often, homeowners place them too close together, which will limit growth or eventually impose upon outdoor living areas, walkways, or buildings.
Sufficient space must be allowed for root systems to reach their optimal depth and breadth. Limiting growth will cause the evergreen to die prematurely.
Before creating a plan, an initial site survey should locate existing plants, trees, and human made features as well as drainage, soil types, topography, and view points. Corrections may be needed to improve soils and drainage before planting begins.
As for placement, understanding the growth limits and rates of each plant is essential. Varieties of evergreens may grow out instead of up; some will grow slowly and some quickly. In the case of some varieties of spruce, for example, leaving sufficient room to grow without excessive trimming will allow the tree to attain its ideal shape.
Note which type of evergreen needs or tolerates sun exposure. While many, like arborvitae, thrive in direct sunlight, others tolerate light shade or even full shade. Hemlock and Japanese Yew do not require significant sunlight to thrive.
Planting and Watering
The best seasons for planting balled-and-burlapped evergreens are spring, summer, and early fall in most climates. Planting in late fall does not allow the tree or shrub to sufficiently acclimate to the new location before the first freeze.
During the first year gently apply water directly over the root ball under the limb canopy. The following year, after the roots have grown and spread, soaker hoses spread around the perimeter of the canopy will be sufficient.
Proper Handling with ProLine™ Equipment
Heritage Oak Farms has developed the best equipment for lifting, transporting, and replanting evergreens of all types and sizes. For more information, call Heritage Oak Farms at 888.288.5308.